Dhahar district is situated west of Gardo district and comprises the capital town of Dhahar and 8 other satellite villages. According to the Puntland government sources, the population of Dhahar district was estimated at over 60,000 individuals, while that of Dhahar town was estimated at 15,000 individuals.1 The locality secured the title of district on a presidential decree by the former Somali Government in 1985; as well as through a regional entitlement from the Puntland administration in 2010. Dhahar town, in addition to being the district’s administrative capital, also constitutes the regional administrative epicentre of the newly established Haylan Region. Nowadays, the district is rated ‘Grade A’ with a district council comprising 27 members, of which 8 are female. Historically the area exceled in good pastureland, thus pastoralists regularly visited the area for grazing their livestock, however they were (usually) forced to migrate to far off water points during the two dry seasons of the year as this area lacked enduring water sources. Permanent settlement at the location of present Dhahar town started in 1958, when the then British Colonial Administration, which ruled the locality, drilled a well. Since then, the town has grown, particularly so during the last 25 years after the collapse of the Central Somali Government in January 1991, when large ethnic populations migrated from the southern regions of Somalia to settle in their ancestral land.